Jill’s Guide to the Skin Care Galaxy… (Your personal cheat sheet)
Difference between over the counter skin care (drug store/department store) and
cosmeceuticals (pharmaceutical and medical grade): By law, over the counter products can’t affect the actual structure of the skin. Cosmeceuticals get into the dermal layer and affect change. Percentages of effective ingredients are higher in cosmeceuticals and more readily absorbed. Look for products that are either pharmaceutical or medical grade.
Double Cleanse: Wash your face twice. First time removes makeup, dirt, etc. Second time cleans the skin. Dirty skin doesn’t absorb nutrients very well… clean it twice and see the difference.
Sunscreen: Must have zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. They create a physical barrier against the sun. Without either of those, your skin will suffer damage. Sun is responsible for 90% of your aging skin. UVA=age. UVB=burn.
Collagen: Is the foundation that gives skin support and thickness. Collagen is made up of long chains of amino acids and is protein. We lose collagen in the skin as we age.
Peptides: Mini proteins used to improve collagen production in the skin.
Retinol: Rebuilds collagen, increases skin cell turnover rate. Will take 10 years off the appearance of your skin. If that’s all you ever use in addition to an effective sunscreen, you’re ahead of the game. Retinol is considered to be one of the very best anti aging ingredients available. Also is helpful in the battle against acne due to the fact that it speeds up skin cell turnover rate.
Glycolic acid: Alpha Hydroxy. Excellent for anti-aging, resurfacing, exfoliating. Minimizes appearance of pores and wrinkles. Works great on acne as well.
Salicylic acid: Beta Hydroxy acid that’s an effective weapon against acne. If you have acne, use a salicylic acid product to penetrate the skin, speed up skin cell turnover, and clear clogged pores.
Lactic acid: Alpha Hydroxy. Has moisturizing properties and is able to exfoliate dead skin cells. Cleopatra bathed in milk for this purpose.
Benzoyl Peroxide: Effective antibacterial agent commonly found in acne products. Can bleach clothing. Salicylic acid is an excellent side kick to benzoyl peroxide.
Hydroquinone: Excellent weapon against hyperpigmentation. Combine with retinol and it’s a winning combination.
Hyaluronic Acid: Attracts and binds water to the skin. It’s like a drink of water at the cellular level.
Kojic acid: Natural skin lightener and brightener. Effective against hyperpigmentation.
Vitamin C: Antioxidant, supports collagen growth, brightens skin, repairs tissue.
Vitamin E: Antioxidant, natural healing agent.
Serums: Use under a moisturizer. Particles in serums are smaller, more dense, and powerful. Choose one for your particular issue.
Microdermabrasion: Mechanical exfoliation. Takes off the top layer of skin and allows treatments to penetrate the dermis. Do it once a week for 8 weeks. Then once a month for maintenance. Take years off your skin. Resurface, renew, and rejuvenate.
Peel: Chemical or natural enzyme exfoliation. Can treat multiple issues and your skin will peel. Do a series of peels (once every 2 weeks for 16 weeks) for optimum results. Then, once a month for maintenance.
Foundation/Makeup: Can be a great addition to your skin care regimen. A good foundation can be healing and can provide powerful protection against the sun. A pure mineral foundation is best. Find a breathable/healing foundation with a higher SPF that has zinc or titanium dioxide that protects, expedites healing and beautifies the skin. Mineral makeup minus mica is ideal. It can reflect light poorly and makes pores look large.
Talc: Main ingredient in less expensive makeup products. It’s like rubber cement to your pores. Number one ingredient that causes breakouts to occur.
Parabens: Skin care preservatives that were rumored to be connected with cancer.
Hydrocortisone: Steroid that is helpful in treating inflammation, itching, and allergic reactions in the skin.
Mineral oil and Petroleum Jelly: Create an impenetrable layer on the skin. Nothing can come in, nothing can go out. It’s an inexpensive filler and companies use it to keep costs low. Don’t mistake its emollient feeling with moisture. Can be helpful with wound healing.
Bottom line…. Cleanse, nourish, protect your skin. Pick a good cleanser, use a quality serum and moisturizer, and put on your physical sunscreen. Sleep 8 hrs a night, eat the good healthy food, and drink your water. Get professional treatments, do the home care, and TRANSFORM your skin.